AR vs VR: 10 Key Differences You Need to Know | Which One to Choose?

AR vs VR: 10 Key Differences You Need to Know | Which One to Choose?

The terms augmented reality and virtual reality are difficult to understand because they have some similarities but also some key differences. There are enough games, movies, and other forms of 3D material available for consumers who want to explore VR and AR on their smartphones, PCs, tablets, and VR headsets.

What is Augmented Reality (AR)? 

To create an artificial environment, augmented reality (AR) seamlessly combines the digital and physical worlds. AR-enabled mobile or desktop applications that integrate digital elements into the physical world. Augmented Reality, or AR, is its full name.

As an example, AR technology enables the display of score overlays during live sports broadcasts as well as the appearance of 3D images, texts, and emails.

What is Virtual Reality (VR)?

A computer-generated simulation of an alternative reality or environment is known as virtual reality (VR). Both 3D movies and video games make use of it. Utilising computers and sensory apparatus like headsets and gloves, it helps to produce simulations that are accurate to the real environment and "immerse" the spectator.

Virtual reality is not just utilised for amusement and games, but also for science, education, and training. VR is the complete name for the technology.

Difference between Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR)?

Despite having similar gadget designs, virtual reality and augmented reality achieve two very different goals in two very different ways. Virtual reality transports you away from reality. AR enhances realism by superimposing information over what you can already see. Both of these strong technologies have great potential but have not yet established themselves with consumers. They have the potential to fundamentally alter how we use computers in the future, but it's unclear at this point whether any of them will be successful.

How does AR Work?

AR employs computer vision, mapping, and depth tracking to show the user the right content. With the use of this functionality, cameras may gather, transmit, and interpret data to display digital material that is relevant to the user who is viewing it.

In augmented reality, contextually pertinent digital content is added in real-time to the user's actual environment. Augmented reality (AR) can be experienced on a smartphone or with specialised equipment.

How does VR Work?

Virtual reality is primarily concerned with simulating vision. A VR headset screen must be placed in front of the user's eyes. removing any contact with the outside world as a result. Two lenses are positioned between the screen and VR. Based on each individual eye's movement and placement, the user must adjust their eyes. A PC or smartphone connected through an HDMI cable can render the images displayed on the screen. Uses speakers, goggles, and occasionally portable wearables to replicate a real-world experience.

Augmented Reality's Benefits (AR)

The advantages of augmented reality are as follows:

  • Provides personalised instruction
  • Promoting the process of learning many different fields
  • Provides creativity and ongoing progress
  • Boost accuracy
  • The usage of augmented reality can improve user understanding and information.

Virtual Reality's Benefits (VR)

The advantages of virtual reality are as follows:

  • Integrated learning
  • Make the environment lively
  • Boost your workforce's capacity
  • Make it convenient
  • The ability to build a realistic world that the user may explore is one of the most significant benefits of VR.
  • Education is made easier and more comfortable with virtual reality.

Limitations of Augmented Reality (AR)

The disadvantages of augmented reality are as follows:

  • AR technology-based projects are exceedingly expensive to implement, develop, and maintain.
  • One of AR's biggest flaws is the lack of privacy.
  • The low performance of AR gadgets is a significant issue that could surface during the testing stage.
  • Mental health problems can result from augmented reality.

Limitations of Virtual Reality (VR)

The disadvantages of virtual reality are as follows:

  • Virtual reality is growing more and more popular, but programmers will never be able to engage with them.
  • Escapism is a prevalent behaviour among people who utilise VR environments, and they begin to live in the virtual world instead of resolving their problems in the actual world.
  • Virtual reality training never produces the same outcomes as training and working in the actual world. This means that even if someone performed well on simulated tasks in a virtual reality setting, there is no assurance that they will perform as well in the actual world.

Applications for Augmented Reality (AR)

The following are some key uses for augmented reality technology:

  • Apps for augmented reality are being created that include text, images, videos, etc.
  • AR apps are being used by the printing and advertising industries to overlay digital content on top of physical periodicals.
  • AR technology enables the creation of translation apps that assist you in having foreign language text translated for you.
  • The Unity 3D Engine tool is being used to create real-time 3D games using AR.

Applications of Virtual Reality (VR)

The following are significant VR applications:

  • Building and enhancing a virtual reality for the gaming industry uses VR technology.
  • The military can employ VR for training purposes such as battlefield and aircraft simulators.
  • In various sports, virtual reality (VR) is utilised as a digital training tool to measure performance and assess technique.
  • It's also increasingly popular as a treatment option for post-traumatic stress disorder.

How AR and VR work together ? 

It would be incorrect to imply that augmented reality and virtual reality are meant to function independently. When these technologies are combined to transport the user to the fictional world by adding a new dimension of interaction between the actual and virtual worlds, they mostly blend together to produce a better engaging experience.


The major difference is that AR is about overlaying digital content such as 3D holograms and animations and data such as travel and exercising statistics on or over real-time user environments. It may or may not allow the user to interact and control the resulting environments of mixed reality. 

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